Curriculum

VICTORIAN  CURRICULUM



The Victorian Curriculum Foundation–10 (F–10) sets out what every student should learn during their first eleven years of schooling. The curriculum is the common set of knowledge and skills required by students for life-long learning, social development and active and informed citizenship.

The Victorian Curriculum F–10 incorporates the Australian Curriculum and reflects Victorian priorities and standards.


 

The Curriculum Planning Resource offers schools a range of resources to support planning and documenting a comprehensive whole-school teaching and learning program based on the curriculum.

 

The following information is general in nature, and is intended to be used as a guide. For more specific information on what your child is learning, please contact the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority

 

 

 

PREP:

 

- Civics and Citizenship

Preps begin to develop a sense of belonging to the school community. They learn about classroom rules and why they are needed, as well as respect and concern for others.

 

- English

Students in Prep are taught to develop an understanding of English in an Australian context. They learn that while English is our national language, it is just one of many different languages spoken around the world.


- Geography

Preps begin to learn about the place they live in. They learn to recognise how the globe is a representation of the world and how to locate places on a globe.

 

- Health and Physical Education

In Prep, students' physical education helps them to develop their basic motor skills and movement patterns with and without equipment in a range of environments – such as on the school oval or inside a gymnasium.

 

- History

In their first year of school, Preps learn about personal and family history. They learn about the people in their family, including where they were born and raised and how they are related to each other.

 

- Learning a Language

Students who begin learning a language in Prep start by developing an understanding of the countries, regions and communities where the language is spoken.

 

- Learning in Digital Technologies

Learning in Digital Technologies helps students in Prep, Year 1 and Year 2 develop an awareness of the ways they use, and learn with, digital systems (hardware and software).

 

- Maths

Preps start learning maths by counting to and from 20 – moving from any starting point. They learn to connect the names of numbers to their quantity and numerals from zero to 10 and then beyond.

 

- Science

Preps are introduced to science by learning about living things and their basic needs, including food and water. They learn about the different seasons, changes in our environment and the weather.

 

- The Arts

In Prep, students make and share performing and visual artworks that represent their observations, personal ideas, feelings and experiences.



YEAR ONE:


 

- Civics and Citizenship

Students in Years 1 and 2 identify the range of groups to which they, their family members and their classmates belong. They learn about the values, beliefs and rules that are common to members of these groups.

 

- English

Students in Year 1 learn that there are different ways of communicating for different purposes and needs. They also learn that language is used in combination with facial expressions, gestures, tone and body language to express meaning and emotion.

 

 

- Geography

Students in Year 1 learn that places have features that are natural, managed, or constructed, and that features can change over time. They explore the idea of active citizenship by asking and answering questions about how people can care for these places.

 

- Health and Physical Education

Students in Years 1 and 2 practise different actions of the body, such as running, hopping, jumping, skipping, catching, throwing, kicking, rolling, balancing, twisting and turning.

 

- History

In Year 1, students learn about family life now and in the past, including how family structures and roles have changed over time.

 

- Learning a Language

Students in Year 1 and Year 2 improve their understanding and use of the language they’re learning in situations and activities related to their local environment: self, family, home, classroom and community.

 

- Learning in Digital Technologies

Learning in Digital Technologies helps students in Prep, Year 1 and Year 2 develop an awareness of the ways they use, and learn with, digital systems (hardware and software).

 

- Maths

Children in Year 1 learn how to count up to 100 and to solve simple addition and subtraction problems. Skip counting by twos, fives, and tens (up to 100) helps them recognise number patterns and groups, and learning about halves will introduce them to the concepts of fractions and decimals.

 

- Science

Students in Year 1 learn that science involves asking questions about, and describing changes in, objects and events.

 

- The Arts

Children in Years 1 and 2 complete projects and activities involving dance, drama, music, media and visual arts. They learn how to select different media, materials and equipment to communicate different ideas and observations.



YEAR TWO:


 

- Civics and Citizenship

Students in Years 1 and 2 identify the range of groups to which they, their family members and their classmates belong. They learn about the values, beliefs and rules that are common to members of these groups.

 

 

- English

In Year 2, students learn more about spoken, visual and written communication systems. They express their own ideas about the books they’re reading and create their own imaginative works.

 


- Geography

In Year 2, students learn that people are connected to many places and that places are defined differently by various groups of people.

 

 

- Health and Physical Education

Students in Years 1 and 2 practise different actions of the body, such as running, hopping, jumping, skipping, catching, throwing, kicking, rolling, balancing, twisting and turning.

 

 

- History

In Year 2, students explore their local history using inquiry questions to develop their knowledge and understanding.

 

 

- Learning a Language

Students in Year 1 and Year 2 improve their understanding and use of the language they’re learning in situations and activities related to their local environment: self, family, home, classroom and community.

 

 

- Learning in Digital Technologies

Learning in Digital Technologies helps students in Prep, Year 1 and Year 2 develop an awareness of the ways they use, and learn with, digital systems (hardware and software).

 

 

- Maths

In Year 2, students are introduced to numbers up to 1000, simple division and multiplication and new number patterns and groups.

 

 

- Science

In Year 2 Science, students are introduced to patterns of growth and change, including how living things have offspring similar to themselves, how different materials can be combined by mixing, and that pushing and pulling can affect how objects move and change shape.

 

 

- The Arts

Children in Years 1 and 2 complete projects and activities involving dance, drama, music, media and visual arts.




YEAR THREE:


 

- Civics and Citizenship

Students in Years 3 and 4 build on their understanding of Australian society and investigate some of the different cultural groups that make up the Australian community.

 

- English

Students in Year 3 learn that languages have different written and visual communication systems, different oral traditions and different ways of constructing meaning.

- Geography

In Year 3, students learn that the Australian continent was, and still is, divided into many Aboriginal Countries and Torres Strait Islander Places.

- Health and Physical Education

Students in Years 3 and 4 practise their physical skills in indoor, outdoor and, if their school conducts a swimming program, aquatic environments.


- History

Students in Year 3 study identity and diversity in both a local and broader context. They explore the historical features and diversity of their community as represented in symbols, emblems, celebrations and commemorations, both locally and in other places around the world.


- Learning a Language

Students in Year 3 and Year 4 begin to understand and use the language they’re learning in relation to their personal world, countries where the language is spoken and the world of the imagination.


- Learning in Digital Technologies

Learning in Digital Technologies helps students in Years 3 and 4 develop their awareness of how digital systems 'hardware and software' are used and could be used at home, in school and the local community.


- Maths

In Year 3, students learn how to recognise and order numbers to at least 10 000, and rearrange and regroup them to assist with calculations and problem solving.

 

- Science

In Year 3, students use research and experiments to make and investigate simple predictions. They also reflect on these investigations to determine if they were fair and accurate.

 

- The Arts

Students in Years 3 and 4 explore ways to communicate their personal experiences, ideas and observations through dance, drama, media, music and visual arts.

 

 

YEAR FOUR:


 

- Civics and Citizenship
Students in Years 3 and 4 build on their understanding of Australian society and investigate some of the different cultural groups that make up the Australian community.


 - English

Students in Year 4 learn that Standard Australian English is one of many social dialects used in Australia, and that while it originated in England it has been influenced by many other languages.


 - Geography

Students in Year 4 learn how the environment sustains human life and wellbeing by providing oxygen, water, raw materials and more.


 - Health and Physical Education

Students in Years 3 and 4 practise their physical skills in indoor, outdoor and, if their school conducts a swimming program, aquatic environments.


 - History

Students in Year 4 learn about world history and how the movement of peoples has shaped modern societies. They begin to understand how events, groups and individuals can bring about change.


 - Learning a Language

Students in Year 3 and Year 4 begin to understand and use the language they’re learning in relation to their personal world, countries where the language is spoken and the world of the imagination.


 - Learning in Digital Technologies

Learning in Digital Technologies helps students in Years 3 and 4 develop their awareness of how digital systems 'hardware and software' are used and could be used at home, in school and the local community.


 - Maths

In Year 4, students extend their knowledge of number sequences by involving multiples of 3, 4, 6, 7, 8 and 9. They recall multiplication facts up to 10x10. They complete multiplication and division problems with and without calculators.


 - Science

Students in Year 4 expand their understanding of systems and patterns by studying Earth's surface and how natural and human processes can cause changes to it.


 - The Arts

Students in Years 3 and 4 explore ways to communicate their personal experiences, ideas and observations through dance, drama, media, music and visual arts.

 

 

 

 

YEAR FIVE:


- Civics and Citizenship

Students in Years 5 and 6 learn about the establishment of the Australian nation at Federation. They consider the democratic rights of different groups, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, women and non-British migrants.

- Economics

Students in Year 5 and 6 learn about the concept of economic scarcity - the idea that our needs and wants are unlimited but the resources available to satisfy these wants are limited.


- English

In Year 5, students explore how texts vary in purpose, Structure, topic and degree of formality. Students use comprehension strategies to link ideas from across print and digital sources.


- Geography

Students in Year 5 learn about the factors that shape the characteristics of places. They explore the ways environmental aspects such as climate and landforms change human behaviours, and how human behaviours can change the environment in turn.


- Health and Physical Education

Students in Years 5 and 6 build their confidence and abilities in water. They learn to increase the distance they can swim continuously (up to 50 metres), improve their breathing, and perform survival techniques.


- History

Students in Year 5 study colonial Australia in the 1800s. They look at the founding of British colonies and what life was like for different groups of people in the colonial period.


- Learning a Language

Students in Year 5 and Year 6 learn about the culture/s associated with the language they’re learning, and the way that Australian society is influenced by these different ways of life.


- Learning in Digital Technologies

Learning in Digital Technologies helps students in Years 5 and 6 improve the way they use and think about digital systems (hardware and software).


- Maths

Students in Year 5 identify and describe factors and multiples of whole numbers and use them to solve problems, while also using estimation and rounding to check the reasonableness of their answers.

- Science

In Year 5, students learn that scientific discoveries and inventions are used to solve problems that directly affect people's lives. They learn that scientific knowledge is used to help people and communities make decisions.


- The Arts

Students in Years 5 and 6 continue to explore ways of expressing ideas and feelings through the disciplines of dance, drama, media, music and visual arts.


YEAR SIX:


- Civics and Citizenship

Students in Years 5 and 6 learn about the establishment of the Australian nation at Federation. They consider the democratic rights of different groups, including Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, women and non-British migrants.


- Economics

Students in Year 5 and 6 learn about the concept of economic scarcity - the idea that our needs and wants are unlimited but the resources available to satisfy these wants are limited.


- English

Students in Year 6 learn about how both the structure and language of a text work together to successfully convey meaning and information.


- Geography

Students in Year 6 learn about the diversity of people and cultures all over the world, focusing on Australia’s interconnections with other countries.

 

- Health and Physical Education

Students in Years 5 and 6 build their confidence and abilities in water. They learn to increase the distance they can swim continuously (up to 50 metres), improve their breathing, and perform survival techniques.

 

- History

Students in Year 6 learn about the development of Australia as a nation after 1900. They explore experiences of Australian democracy and citizenship, including the status and rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, migrants, women and children.

 

- Learning a Language

Students in Year 5 and Year 6 learn about the culture/s associated with the language they’re learning, and the way that Australian society is influenced by these different ways of life.

 

- Learning in Digital Technologies

Learning in Digital Technologies helps students in Years 5 and 6 improve the way they use and think about digital systems (hardware and software).

 

- Maths

Students in Year 6 select and apply different strategies – mental, written and using calculators – to solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division with whole numbers.

 

- Science

Students in Year 6 undertake research and practical work to test predictions, gather data and use evidence to come up with scientific explanations.

 

- The Arts

Students in Years 5 and 6 continue to explore ways of expressing ideas and feelings through the disciplines of dance, drama, media, music and visual arts.

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